Difference between Intelligent and Foolish Person

Srimad Bhagavatam 11.13.09-10 - Difference between Intelligent and Foolish Person (download mp3)
by Gaur Hari Prabhu at ISKCON Chowpatty

SB 11.13.9-10
sri-bhagavan uvaca
aham ity anyatha-buddhih
 pramattasya yatha hrdi
utsarpati rajo ghoram
 tato vaikarikam manah
rajo-yuktasya manasah
 sankalpah sa-vikalpakah
tatah kamo guna-dhyanad
 duhsahah syad dhi durmateh

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: My dear Uddhava, a person bereft of intelligence first falsely identifies himself with the material body and mind, and when such false knowledge arises within one’s consciousness, material passion, the cause of great suffering, pervades the mind, which by nature is situated in goodness. Then the mind, contaminated by passion, becomes absorbed in making and changing many plans for material advancement. Thus, by constantly thinking of the modes of material nature, a foolish person is afflicted with unbearable material desires.

Those who are trying to enjoy material sense gratification are not actually intelligent, although they consider themselves most intelligent. Although such foolish persons themselves criticize the miseries of material life in innumerable books, songs, newspapers, television programs, civic committees, etc., they cannot desist from material life for a single moment. The process by which one is helplessly bound in illusion is clearly described here.

A materialistic person is always thinking, “Oh, what a beautiful house. I wish we could buy it” or “What a beautiful woman. I wish I could touch her” or “What a powerful position. I wish I could occupy it” and so on. The words sankalpah sa-vikalpakah indicate that a materialist is always making new plans or modifying his old plans to increase his material enjoyment, although in his saner moments he admits that material life is full of suffering. The mind is created from the mode of goodness, as described in Sankhya philosophy, and the natural, peaceful situation of the mind is pure love of Krsna, in which there is no mental disturbance, disappointment or confusion. Artificially, the mind is dragged down to a lower platform in passion or ignorance, and thus one is never satisfied.

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